Sanofi Pasteur enters partnership with U.S. Naval Medical Research Center
LYON, France Many people who have traveled in the developing world know the feeling of eating a meal and immediately having to head to the nearest restroom, but travelers’ diarrhea can be deadly as well, causing nearly 400,000 deaths among children in developing countries every year, according to the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
Sanofi Pasteur, the vaccines division of French drug maker Sanofi-Aventis, announced Monday that it had entered a partnership with the U.S. Naval Medical Research Center to develop a vaccine for enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, also known as ETEC, the main cause of travelers’ diarrhea among travelers and military personnel.
The vaccine uses an adhesin vaccine technology developed by the NMRC, packaging the adhesin with a toxoid vaccine component co-developed by the NMRC and the University of Colorado.
Upsher-Smith inks deal with Proximagen for tonabersat
MAPLE GROVE, Minn. Upsher-Smith Labs has acquired exclusive North American rights for an investigational drug designed to treat such conditions as migraine and epilepsy, the drug maker announced Monday.
Under the deal, with Proximagen Neuroscience, Upsher-Smith will be responsible for development, regulatory filing and commercialization activities for the drug tonabersat in the North American market.
“This agreement supports our strategic vision of building a leadership position in the central nervous system field,” Upsher-Smith president Mark Evenstad said. “We are excited about our growing [central nervous system] development portfolio that we hope will provide benefit to patients suffering from neurologic conditions.”
The company is also developing USL255, a once-daily formulation of the generic drug topiramate. The drug is in phase 3 trials as a treatment for epilepsy. Johnson & Johnson originally marketed topiramate under the brand name Topamax.
Vaccines with two strains of influenza may be more effective in children, research team says
ST. LOUIS Vaccines likely would work better in protecting children from flu if they included both strains of influenza B instead of just one, a St. Louis University press report stated last week, citing research conducted through its Center for Vaccine Development.
"Adding a second influenza B virus strain to the seasonal influenza vaccine would take some of the guesswork out of strain selection and help improve the vaccine’s ability to prevent influenza," stated Robert Belshe, lead investigator and director of the center. "Since in five of the last 10 years, the influenza B component in the vaccine has been the incorrect one, this seems like an obvious advance to me."
Every spring, scientists predict which strain of influenza will be circulating in the community the following fall. Historically, they choose two different subtypes of influenza A and one of influenza B.
Research findings in the March issue of Vaccine highlight the importance of adding both lines of influenza B into the vaccine to better protect against the flu, Belshe noted.
The research team examined how well current vaccines protect against influenza B by looking at the immune response of ferrets that were given FluMist, a live attenuated influenza vaccine manufactured by MedImmune.
When ferrets were vaccinated against influenza, the ferrets that were exposed to a strain of influenza B virus that did not match what was in the vaccine didn’t have a strong antibody response. However they had a vigorous antibody response when given a vaccine that contained both strains of influenza B.
This showed that immunizing against one strain of influenza B does not appear to protect against the other strain and that a vaccine containing both influenza B strains is likely to offer greater protection from flu.
"These data highlight the need for vaccination strategies that provide enhanced protection against both lineages of influenza B," Belshe said.
The study was sponsored by MedImmune. Belshe has served as a consultant and as part of the speakers bureau for MedImmune and other study authors are MedImmune employees.