Low vitamin D levels increase likelihood of hip breakage in elderly women
NEW YORK Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have found that low vitamin D levels increase the risk of hip fractures in elderly women by 70 percent.
According to HealthDay News, 50 percent of old people who have hip fractures end up in nursing homes, while 20 percent die within the first year due to related complications.
The researchers found that for every 25-nanomole reduction in vitamin D per liter of blood, hip-fracture risk increased by 33 percent. The risk was 71 percent for women with the lowest vitamin D levels.
The report, published in the Aug. 19 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine, was based on data collected from 800 women aged 50 to 79.
Airborne hit with $30 million judgment for false ad claims
WASHINGTON The popular cough/cold product Airborne, a sales success following a mention on Oprah, was hit with a judgment totaling $30 million Thursday, potentially payable to the Federal Trade Commission, for making inappropriate advertising claims on the use of Airborne—specifically, that the dietary supplement concoction can reduce the duration of the common cold.
“There is no credible evidence that Airborne products, taken as directed, will reduce the severity or duration of colds, or provide any tangible benefit for people who are exposed to germs in crowded places,” stated Lydia Parnes, director of the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection.
This is unlike Matrixx’s Zicam or Quigley’s Cold-Eeze products, both of which contain zinc gluconate, an ingredient that has been clinically proven to reduce the duration of the common cold.
If the settlement is approved by the court, it will prohibit the defendants from making any further false and unsubstantiated cold prevention, germ-fighting and efficacy claims, the FTC stated in a press release.
The FTC complaint and agreed-upon final order follow settlement last November of the class-action lawsuit, Wilson v. Airborne, Inc. et al., which is pending in federal court in the Central District of California. In that case, the defendants have agreed to pay up to $23.51 million, which will be used for consumer refunds and attorneys’ fees. If the class action suit funds are exhausted, up to $6.5 million in additional funds for consumer redress will become available as a result of the FTC order. One redress administrator will manage both pools of funds and consumers will receive a single refund check.
The Wilson class action settlement provides refunds for purchases of Airborne-branded products (including Airborne Effervescent Health Formula, Airborne On-the-Go, Airborne Power Pixies, Airborne Nighttime, Airborne Jr., Airborne Gummis, and Airborne Seasonal Relief) made between May 1, 2001 and Nov. 29, 2007. More information on the Wilson settlement, eligibility requirements, and procedures for filing a claim online or by mail can be found at www.airbornehealthsettlement.com. Consumers have until Sept. 15, 2008 to apply for a refund for up to six product purchases.
The defendants have marketed Airborne Original Effervescent Formula as a dietary supplement containing 17 ingredients, including vitamins A, C, E, zinc, and selenium.
According to the FTC’s complaint, there is no competent and reliable scientific evidence to support the claims made by the defendants that Airborne tablets can prevent or reduce the risk of colds, sickness, or infection; protect against or help fight germs; reduce the severity or duration of a cold; and protect against colds, sickness, or infection in crowded places such as airplanes, offices, or schools. The FTC complaint also states that the individual defendants in the case, company founders Victoria Knight-McDowell and Thomas John McDowell, made false claims that Airborne products are clinically proven to treat colds.
If consumer refund claims are not paid on time in the Wilson lawsuit, or if the defendants have not paid at least $23.5 million to settle any other similar class-action lawsuit by Dec. 31, 2009, the defendants must pay the entire $30 million to the FTC, which will administer its own consumer redress program.
In addition to prohibiting the defendants from making claims that are false, misleading, or unsubstantiated by competent and reliable scientific evidence, and providing additional funds for consumer redress, the order authorizes the Commission to monitor the defendants’ compliance with the order.
Obesity, diabetes greatly increase heart disease risk
NEW YORK A study has indicated that obesity and diabetes combined increase the risk of heart disease.
The study, published in the journal Diabetes Care, examined 3,400 American adults and found that obese and diabetic women had an 80 percent chance of developing heart disease, while the men had a 90 percent chance. Meanwhile, women without diabetes had a 47 percent chance of developing heart disease, while men had a 49 percent risk.
The results mean that diabetes raises the risk of heart disease, while obesity makes the risk worse.