Low-fat diet can cut diabetes risk
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. — Researchers at the University of Alabama in Birmingham found that controlling fat intake could help cut one’s risk of developing diabetes.
To examine this, researchers divided 69 overweight nondiabetics, who were at risk for the disease, into two groups, placing the subjects on a diet with modest reductions in either fat or carbohydrate for eight weeks. The lower fat group received a diet comprised of 27% fat and 55% carbohydrate; the lower carbohydrate group’s diet was 39% fat and 43% carbohydrate.
"At eight weeks, the group on the lower fat diet had significantly higher insulin secretion and better glucose tolerance and tended to have higher insulin sensitivity," said Barbara Gower, professor in the Department of Nutrition Sciences at UAB and lead author of the study. "These improvements indicate a decreased risk for diabetes."
The new study was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Mood disorders may be precursor to diabetes in Latinos, study finds
NEW YORK — Such mood disorders as anxiety and depression may be a precursor to diabetes in Latinos, according to a study by University of California at San Diego researchers scheduled for presentation at the American Psychiatric Association’s annual meeting in Honolulu.
As reported in the Los Angeles Times, the researchers found that while Latinos have higher-than-average rates of diabetes, they also seem to have higher-than-average risk of having both diabetes and a mood disorder.
The researchers studied medical records of 129 Latino adults from a clinic in Imperial County, Calif., to see whether they developed diabetes or a mood disorder first. For those with diabetes and depression, 54% of men and 59% of women developed diabetes first, compared with 24% and 29% who developed depression first, respectively. Among those with an anxiety disorder, 54% of men and 55% of women developed diabetes first, compared with a respective 45% and 39% who developed anxiety first.
The researchers wrote that the reasons for diabetes and mood disorders appearing together were unclear, but that those with mood disorders should be monitored to prevent the onset of diabetes or treat it early if it does occur, according to the Times.
Target to invest more than planned to enter Canada
NEW YORK — Target plans to spend more than it had forecast this year on its entry into the Canadian market as it nails down more of the best retail locations sooner than expected.
The retailer said it will be able to “clarify” within weeks the number and locations of the first 100 to 150 stores it will open in Canada.
“We expect to close on higher value lease transactions sooner than expected,” Target CFO Doug Scovanner told analysts on a conference call Wednesday.
In January, Target announced it had bought the rights to 220 Zeller’s leaseholds in Canada for $1.82 billion.
Target said it now expects its Canadian startup costs could run as high as $40 million to $50 million, or 16 cents to 20 cents per share this year, up from its previous forecast of 10 cents a share, Scovanner said.
“Both expected profits once we open in Canada and expected burden per share prior to opening is larger than we thought likely 90 days ago,” he said.
The company recorded $11 million in the quarter in direct startup expenses as it began building a Canadian team to study the market and develop technology and supply chain solutions, according to the Toronto Star.