HEALTH

CDC issues report on breast-feeding among mothers

BY Michael Johnsen

ATLANTA Three-out-of-4 new moms initiate breast-feeding, according to the “2010 Breast-feeding Report Card” released Monday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, only 43% of babies are still being breast-fed at 6 months of age.

The 75% breast-feeding initiation rate meets the nation’s Healthy People 2010 goal, and half of the states have breast-feeding initiation rates above 75%.

“Meeting the national breast-feeding initiation goal is a great accomplishment in women’s and children’s health, but we have more work ahead,” stated William Dietz, director of CDC’s Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity. “We need to direct even more effort toward making sure mothers have the support they need in hospitals, workplaces and communities to continue breast-feeding beyond the first few days of life, so they can make it to those 6- and 12-month marks.”

State by state breast-feeding initiation rates ranged from 52.5% in Mississippi to nearly 90% in Utah.

While initiation rates steadily have risen, the number of babies who continue breast-feeding until 6 months and 12 months remains stagnant for the third consecutive year. Only 43% (1.8 million) are still breast-feeding at 6 months, and only 22% (fewer than 1 million) are breast-feeding at 12 months. National Healthy People 2010 objectives call for 50% of new mothers to continue breast-feeding for 6 months and 25% to continue for one year.

Breast-feeding at 6 months of age ranged from over 62% in Oregon to about 20% in Louisiana. Breast-feeding at 12 months ranged from nearly 40% in Oregon and Vermont to 8% in Mississippi.

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The Apothecary Shops earns spot on Inc.’s fastest-growing private companies list

BY Alaric DeArment

PHOENIX Diplomat Specialty Pharmacy isn’t the only one to earn a spot on Inc. magazine’s list of the fastest-growing private companies.

The Inc. 5000 also listed specialty pharmacy The Apothecary Shops, ranking 2,394. That marked a jump of 322 spots from last year and 1,682 spots from 2008 in its fourth annual appearance on the list.

Drug Store News reported Thursday on Diplomat’s inclusion on the list.

“It’s no secret that we have undertaken a very aggressive growth strategy for The Apothecary Shops, but our approach, particularly in a down economy, has been targeted and strategic to be in a solid position to leverage that growth when the economy turns,” The Apothecary Shops president Keith Cook said. “Our movement on the Inc. 5000 list of fastest-growing companies reflects the success of our strategic direction.”

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Type 2 diabetes linked with cognitive impairments, study shows

BY Allison Cerra

WASHINGTON A small study conducted by Canadian researchers found factors that may link Type 2 diabetes with such cognitive impairments as dementia.

Older adults with diabetes who also have high blood pressure, walk slowly or lose their balance, or believe they’re in bad health, are more likely to have poorer cognitive functions than those without these problems, according to a new study conducted by researchers at the University of Alberta in Canada and published in the September issue of Neuropsychology

The study of older Canadians — 41 adults with Type 2 diabetes, ages 55 to 81 years, and 458 matched healthy controls (ages 53 to 90 years) — found that systolic blood pressure, a low combination score for gait and balance, and a patient’s own reports of poor health all played a statistically significant role in the relationship between diabetes and cognitive impairment.

“Awareness of the link between diabetes and cognition could help people realize how important it is to manage this disease, and to motivate them to do so,” said co-author Roger Dixon, PhD, of the University of Alberta.

Type 2 diabetes has been found by other researchers to nearly double the risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, said Dixon, who studies how health affects cognition in aging. As diabetes becomes more common, this heightened risk could dramatically hike the number of older people with dementia.

The prevalence of diabetes in the United States for people older than age 60 — according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases — is more than 23%, while Canadian prevalence is nearly 19%, according to the Public Health Agency of Canada.

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