WASHINGTON The Food and Drug Administration has issued its second safety warning about all fentanyl transdermal patches. In July 2005, the agency issued a similar warning stating that the directions on the label and on the package insert should be followed exactly in order to avoid an overdose.
The FDA, though, is still receiving reports of deaths and life-threatening side effects from doctors after hearing that the medication has been inappropriately prescribed or patients have incorrectly used them, for example, patients replacing the patch more frequently than directed in the instructions. The patch contains the opioid fentanyl, which is a powerful narcotic. The patch is approved for the treatment of persistent, moderate-to-severe pain in patients who have become opioid tolerant. The drug is usually prescribed for cancer patients.
In its Public Health Advisory and Health Care Professional Sheet published today, the FDA stressed the following safety information:
- Fentanyl patches are only for patients who are opioid-tolerant and have chronic pain that is not well controlled with other pain medicines. The patches are not to be used to treat sudden, occasional or mild pain, or pain after surgery.
- Health care professionals who prescribe the fentanyl patch, and patients who use it, should be aware of the signs of fentanyl overdose: trouble breathing or slow or shallow breathing; slow heartbeat; severe sleepiness; cold, clammy skin; trouble walking or talking; or feeling faint, dizzy, or confused. If these signs occur, patients should get medical attention right away.
- Patients prescribed the fentanyl patch should tell their doctor, pharmacist and other health care professionals about all the medicines that they take. Some medicines may interact with fentanyl, causing dangerously high fentanyl levels in the blood and life-threatening breathing problems.
- Patients and their caregivers should be told how to use fentanyl patches. This important information, including instructions on how often to apply the patch, reapplying a patch that has fallen off, replacing a patch, and disposing of the patch, is provided in the patient information that comes with the fentanyl patch.
- Heat may increase the amount of fentanyl that reaches the blood and can cause life-threatening breathing problems and death. Patients should not use heat sources such as heating pads, electric blankets, saunas, or heated waterbeds or take hot baths or sunbathe while wearing a patch. A patient or caregiver should call the patient’s doctor right away if the patient has a temperature higher than 102 degrees while wearing a patch.